The First Muslim Maranao-Kamayo Indigenous President of the Republic of the Philippines



Delmar TaclibonBy Dr. Delmar Topinio Taclibon

(This column is an elaborated explanation of Dr. Taclibon of his research on Duterte—EIC)
HIS Excellency Rodrigo “Digong” Roa Duterte is the first Muslim Maranao-Kamayo Indigenous President of the Republic of the Philippines.
President Duterte was born on March 28, 1945 in Maasin, part of the insular province of Leyte during the Philippine Commonwealth period but later on became the capital of Southern Leyte.
President Duterte’s parents were Cebuano lawyer Vicente G. Duterte and Soledad Roa.
His father was a former governor of Davao (not yet divided at that time), a devout Catholic, and a true-blooded Cebuano.
His mother was a native of Cabadbaran, Agusan, who was a school teacher and a civic leader with a Maranao descent.
Soledad Roa Duterte, at the same time, had both Maranao and Kamayo bloodline, thus, Digong has a Maranao-Kamayo bloodline.
The Maranaos are among the tribes in the Southern Philippines living in the periphery, or vicinity of Lake Lanao, who embraced Islam, while the Kamayos are the tribal people of Surigao and Agusan.
The Kamayo people are concentrated in Bislig City, Lianga, Marihatag and in San Agustin in Surigao del Sur, Mindanao.
A scattered population was found in Cateel and Baganga, Davao Oriental.
The Kamayo is related linguistically to the Tausug and Butuanon.
Also, it belong to the Meso and central Philippine family of languages.
The Duterte matriarch was born in Cabadbaran, Agusan del Norte to a family, which had Chinese, Maranao, and Kamayo lineage.
Duterte’s first-born son, Paulo, also married a Tausug-Maranao woman.
The couple’s children have embraced Islam, so that Ka Digong has Muslim grandchildren.
Furthermore, the Roas are descendants of Rajah Samporna, an 18th Century warrior nobleman from the Sultanate of Baloi and Tagoloan, who married a Spanish noblewoman.
The Roa family took refuge in Dansalan (now called Marawi City) under the care of Sultan Alauya Alonto during the Japanese war.
Samporna’s lineage can be traced to the bloodline of Moriatao a Bai in Uato (Balindong) and Maruhom Baraguir of Maguindanao and Mala Bayabao (Ditsaan Ramain).
The Pelaezes, Neris, Cabilis, Chavezes, Emanos, etc. are descendants of Rajah Samporna as well.
Sharif Kabungsuan, grandson of Sultan Zein ul Abedin of Malaysia (Johor) is the ancestor of Rajah Samporna.
Sharif Kabungsuan is the great, great grandson of Fatma Zohra (Fatimid Dynasty), daughter of the Prophet Mohammed, according to Malaysian genealogy experts.
All Sultans of Mindanao (Maguindanao (3), Sulu (1) and Pata Pongampong a Ranao (4), Malaysia and Brunei must descend from that bloodline, as a rule.
Rodrigo “Rody” Roa Duterte nicknamed Digong, is a Filipino lawyer, politician, and the 16th President of the Republic of the Philippines.
Duterte was among the longest-serving mayors in the Philippines as he served Davao City, a highly urbanized city in Mindanao Island, for seven terms, or more than 22 years.
He also served vice-mayor and congressman of the city.
Popular with the locals due to his successful zero tolerance policy against criminals, Duterte was given the nickname “The Punisher” by Time Magazine.
During Duterte’s 22- year stewardship of Davao City resulted to the downfall of the crime rate of the city in the 1970s and 1980s, so that it was no longer known as the “murder capital of the Philippines.”
In the past, many people have strongly urged him to run for the highest post in the government on the belief that the Philippines needs a tough guy to have a change in the country.
As we all knew, he ran and won by getting more than 16 million votes, which surpassed Pres. Benigno “Nonoy” Aquino’s preferred candidate, Manuel “Mar” Roxas 2nd.
Duterte’s father was once the mayor of Danao in Cebu.
Rodrigo’s cousin Ronald, on the other hand, served as Cebu City mayor from 1983 to 1986.
Ronald’s father, Ramon Duterte, also held the same position from 1957 to 1959.
The Dutertes consider the political families of the Durano and the Almendras clans as relatives.
Duterte also has relatives in Leyte through his mother’s side, the Roa’s clan.
Before they resettled in  Davao, the Duterte  family lived in his birthplace in Maasin, Leyte, and in his father’s hometown in Danao in Cebu, until Duterte was five years-old.
The Dutertes initially moved to Mindanao in 1948, but would still go back and forth to the Visayas.
They finally settled in the Davao Region for good in 1951.
Vicente Rodrigo as a lawyer engaged in private practice, while Soledad taught in public school.
Mrs. Duterte retired as a supervisor in 1952, while her lawyer-husband entered politics.
She left the government due to the demands of being a wife of an active politician.
As wife of the governor, she became familiar with the social and economic problems of the people, especially those of out-of-school youth, women, children, and the disabled.
Other research work: Datuk Delmar Nur Faramarz Ferdowsi Salah Ad-din of Topinio Taclibon, Bt., DKR, KRSS, MBA, Phd.D.A.

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